Tag Archive | Thembittu

231. Chigali and thembittu

On Nagara chadurthi day, we used to prepare chigali using raw sesame seeds. Clean raw sesame seeds and take equal quantity of jaggery for preparing chigali. Grind sesame seeds, elaichi and coconut with little or no water. In a pan put jagger and sprinkle little water for dissolving it. Heat it to make a syrup and filter it using a sieve for removing dust and small stones.   In a vessel put jaggery syrup  and put ground mixture. Put little ghee and mix well. Make small sesame laddus called chigali. On Garuda panchami day, the same process has to be repeated using dry roasted sesame seeds. While mixing, the contents can be cooked in a pan for sometime. There will be a difference in taste.

We prepare thembittu for many festivals. The method of preparation differs from house to house. Some use rice powder alone. Some others use rice powder mixed with wheat powder or hurikadale(pottukadale) powder. Take the flour as per your convenience. Put jaggery in a pan and add water. When the jaggery is fully dissolved in water, filter it using a sieve. Again put jaggery water in the pan and add flour, powdered elaichi & coconut.   Mix well and switch off gas. When it becomes cool, prepare 5 thembittu  laddus. Make a hole in the centre and keep the bottom flat. Put ghee and thiri in the centre portion. Keep 5 thembittu deepas in a plate while taking aarathi.

230. Naagara Chadhurthi and Garuda Panchami

The fourth day of shravana masa is celebrated as Naagara Chadhurthi. Usually, mothers do  this pooja for the wellbeing of the children in Madhva houses. “Madi dress” is required for doing this pooja. After taking oil bath, we have to wear madi dress.


The idol of Nagaraja has to be kept in a plate and we have to do abhishekam with unboiled milk. Pour little water, then milk and again water, for doing abhishekam(3 times). After doing abhishekam, we have to perform puja  to Nagaraja in the usual manner with kunkumam, manjal, akshadai, chandan and flowers. Poonool has to be offered to Nagaraja. The gejavasthra has to be prepared using turmeric powder and not with kunkum. Chiguli using raw sesame seed(ell) and thembittu have to be prepared. Using turmeric powder, we have to draw two nagaras, one big and one small(signifying mother and child) near the front door of the house(inviting them to come inside).


We have to do puja for these also, as done for nagaraja. No fried items are to be prepared on this day. The neivedhyam items are chiguli, thamboolam, milk, curd, aval and mango. Karpoora aarathi, deepa aarathi, thembittu aarathi and sodal aarathi using turmeric instead of kunkum are to be taken. If possible, we have to go to snakepit(haamu huthu) and do all the poojas in the same manner. We can offer milk also. Mothers usually observe fasting on this day. In the evening, they take wheat rava upma or aval. They won’t take milk on this day, as it is offered to Nagaraja.

On the next day, we observe “Garuda panchami”.  Much madi  is not required and all the family members have to perform the puja for the wellbeing of their siblings. No vratha also. We have  to use fried sesame for preparing chiguli. We have to draw nagaras in such a way of going out from the house. We have to perform puja in the same manner as done on previous day. We can use kunkum for preparing gejavasthra.

Some people say that Naga chadurthi is celebrated to remember the act of Lord Shiva by drinking “Aalahala poison” to save the universe. Some others say that it signifies the “Kalinga Narthana” of Lord Krishna. Some others say that to remove snake curses(naaga dhosham), we do these pujas. The bad influence of Rahu and Kethu are removed by doing these pujas. Whatever it is, it is good to worship Nagaraja and Garuda atleast once in a year.

229. Mangala Gowri Vratha

Shravana month is considered as holy month as there are many poojas performed during this month. All Tuesdays during this month are dedicated to Gowri(Parvathi)  and  Mangala Gowri Vratha is done on these days.The newly married girl has to perform this pooja compulsorily for five years  in  Madhva community.

For this pooja, first take five turmeric rhyzomes(manjal kilangu). Rub the bottom so  that they become flat and can be seated. In a plate spread rice and keep these Gowris(four on four sides and one in the middle) and put kunkum. On the backside Parvathi-Parameshwara photo or a big mirror has to be kept. Join 5 threads and dip in turmeric powder and put  it covering all the gowris. All the Gowris are to be decorated with kaadholai- karugumani, bangles, blouse bits, new comb, mirror, kan-mai, kobburi, manjal, kunkum, thamboolam and any other mangal item. The silver mangala gowri(if available) should also be kept. Some people keep rava irundai(5 in number) on both the sides. Some people make it as neivedhyam. Both are OK.

Other neivedhyams are Venpongal with arahar dal,  payasam, soaked chick-peas, sikuli and thembittu. As usual thamboolam with cocunut and fruits are to be kept for neivedhyam. The girl has to perform puja in the usual manner with kunkum, manjal, chandan, akshadai, flowers, flower mala and gejavashthram, after finishing thulasi pooja.

While performing pooja, songs on Gowri have to be sung. After doing neivedhyam and aarathi, uruttani, udithumbudhal & kumara kunkum with a piece of betal leaf are to be done to the girl by an elderly person at home. After lighting 5 thembittu deepas, with a brass ladle, kan-mai has to be prepared. This kan-mai has to be offered to gowri with a flower. After finishing pradikshanai namaskaram and prarthanai,  sodal aarathi & thembittu aarathi have to be taken.


For all the sumangalis  thamboolam, blouse piece, mangal items, coconut,  flower, dakshinai,  soaked chick-peas, prepared kan-mai  are to be given. This pooja has to be performed with the same gowris, mangal items and yellow thread. In  the last week, after finishing pooja, after tieing 5 knots in the yellow thread, the girl has to wear it on her right wrist.  Like this  mangala Gowri pooja has to be done for 5 years. On the fifth year, a new bronze vessel has to be filled with wheat and a small silver nagara has to be kept inside. The vessel has to be tied with a blouse bit and kept for puja. After finishing puja on the last week, this has to be given to the girl’s mother with mangal items and moradhu baayanaa. This is our method of performing managala gowri pooja. Procedures may vary from house to house.