In the lunar calender, 354 days comes in a year. The solar calender consists of 365 days. An adhika masa comes in a lunar calender once in 32 months, 16 days and 24 minutes. For the lunar calender followers, a month begins with amavashya. In the year 2015, adhika masa is from June 17 to July 16. This year will have 13 months instead of 12 months.
The adhika masa is dedeicated to Lord Krishna. During adhika masa, we have to follow spiritual things. This month is for self-development, self-revaluation and self-assessment. We have to do lot of punya karya during this period. Fasting, reciting and hearing manthras & slokas and performing pujas are to be done. Also, we have to do some dhanas compulsorily during this period. The religious rituals help us to get rid of our sins.
Generally the dhanas given are thambula, deepa, apopa(adirasam in kanchu pathram), fruits, gajavasthram, anna, vasthra, rava laddu or anything else you can. We have to give these items in the count of 33 to brahmanas. While giving these dhanas we can keep mangala items like vetrilai, pakku, seeppu, kannadi, balai, dhakshanai, arisina, kunkuma, palam, kaadolai, karugumani, blouse bit, akki, bella, belai, poo and hanju.
Normally we won’t perform any shubakarya like grahapravesam, upanayanam and marriage during adhika masa. So, in the mechanical life, let us spare some time for puja, vratha and dhana during this month.