When our heart beats, it squeezes and pushes blood through our arteries to the rest of our body. This force creates pressure on those blood vessels, and that’s our systolic blood pressure. Blood pressure is the pressure of our blood on the walls of our arteries as our heart pumps it around our body. It’s a vital part of how our heart and circulation works.
Our blood pressure naturally goes up and down all the time, adjusting to our heart’s needs, depending on what we are doing. High blood pressure is when our blood pressure is persistently higher than normal.
A blood pressure reading under 120/80mmHg is considered optimal. Readings over 120/80mmHg and up to 139/89mmHg are in the normal to high normal range. Blood pressure that’s high over a long time is one of the main risk factors for heart disease. As we get older, the chances of having persistently high blood pressure increases.
It is very important to get our blood pressure checked regularly, and if it is persistently high, it needs to be controlled. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to a heart attack or stroke. It may also affect our kidneys. The medical name for high blood pressure over a long period of time is hypertension.
The high blood pressure may be caused due to family history, eating habits, alcohol intake, weight or physical activity involved. Some medicines can also raise blood pressure. Our doctor may recommend that we have go make some healthier lifestyle choices, like changing the food we eat or getting more exercise. Many people also need medicine to control their high blood pressure. Our doctor will tell us if we need medicine, and monitor its effects. Blood pressure medicines don’t cure high blood pressure, but they help to control it. We have to keep taking the medicines regularly, for the rest of your life. We should not stop taking our medicine without doctor’s advice.
Let us lead a healthy life by checking blood pressure and taking proper precaution.