27. Haemoglobin

We all know that red blood cells in our body produce haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is made up of 4 protein molecules which carries oxygen from our lungs to the body tissues and bring back carbon dioxide from tissues to the lungs. For adults, two alpha globulin chains and two beta globulin chains are present in haemoglobin. for children initially two gamma chains are present instead of beta chains. When they grow up, the gamma chains are replaced by beta chains.

In the globulin chain the central structure is called heme molecule. The iron inside this heme molecule is responsible for the transportation of oxygen and carbon dioxide in our body. This gives red colour to the blood. Haemoglobin is responsible for maintaining the donut shaped red blood cells.

To increase haemoglobin we have to take leafy green vegetables, lentils, grains and nuts. For adult male 14 to 18 grams per deciliter is normal. For adult female 12 to 16 grams per deciliter is required. When middle age is crossed there may be slight variation. When haemoglobin level is reduced in our body, then anebia is caused. Loss of blood, taking less nutrient content food, chemotherapy and side effect of some diseases are the main causes for low count of haemoglobin.

We should take healthy food to compensate and bring up the haemoglobin level to the normal stage quickly. Otherwise, it will be very difficult to attend our normal work energetically. In high altitudes, the count of haemoglobin level will be higher, as more oxygen is required for the people there. So, the climate itself may not be suitable for some people due to this reason. We should take care that haemoglobin level is maintained properly.

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